Climate Essentials

What is double materiality?

Raphael GüllerCofounder and CPO
Climate Essentials
22 June 2023

The double materiality concept refers to the recognition that sustainability reporting should consider both the impacts of organizations on society and the environment (impact materiality), as well as the impact of these external factors on the organizations financial value (financial materiality). Here’s what you should know about it. 

As sustainability and ESG considerations become increasingly important, understanding double materiality is crucial for businesses seeking to align their strategies with long-term sustainability goals. In this blog post, we will explore what materiality is, delve into the concept of double materiality, discuss its relevance in the context of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) and other legislation, and provide insights into how businesses can prepare for this emerging reporting approach.

What is materiality?

Before delving into double materiality, it is important to understand the concept of materiality itself. How do we know what exactly a material impact is? 

Materiality refers to the significance or relevance of information in decision-making processes. In sustainability reporting, materiality helps companies identify and prioritize the ESG issues that have the greatest impact on their performance and stakeholders' interests. By focusing on material issues, companies ensure that their disclosures are informative and reflect their most important sustainability concerns.

Understanding double materiality

Double materiality extends the traditional concept of what accounting standards consider 'material' by recognizing that ESG issues not only affect a company's financial performance (financial materiality) but also have broader societal and environmental impacts. 

The concept outlines that businesses and financial institutions should report simultaneously on sustainability matters that are financially material in influencing business value and at the same time material to the wider environment and society at large.

According to the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), when it comes to financial statements, information on a company is material and should be disclosed if "a reasonable person" would consider it important.

Double materiality recognizes that ESG factors can influence the long-term financial performance of a company and should, therefore, be integrated into decision-making processes and disclosed to stakeholders.

Double materiality in the context of the CSRD

The CSRD, proposed by the European Union, aims to enhance sustainability disclosure requirements for thousands of EU companies. One of the key features of the CSRD is the explicit recognition of double materiality. It highlights the need for companies to assess and disclose their impacts on society and the environment, as these factors can significantly influence their financial performance in the long run. It requires companies to evaluate their impact on issues like greenhouse gas emissions, water use and human rights. 

Other legislation featuring double materiality

The concept of double materiality is not exclusive to the CSRD. It is also prominent in other legislation and frameworks, which can directly affect corporate behaviour. For example, the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) acknowledges the financial impacts of climate change and encourages companies to assess and disclose climate-related risks and opportunities. Similarly, the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) recognizes the concept of double materiality in its reporting framework. Note that at the moment, the International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) does not require companies to report using the double materiality concept. 

Implications for businesses and preparation

For businesses, understanding what double materiality means, and accounting for it is essential for sustainable decision-making and effective reporting.

Assessing and managing ESG risks

Assessing your ESG risks is crucial for understanding and mitigating potential impacts on your company's operations, reputation, and capital allocation and financial stability. Start by evaluating your company's impact on environmental, social, and governance factors to identify areas of vulnerability. Consider financial risks associated with climate change, such as physical risks, regulatory changes, and market shifts. These risks can have direct financial repercussions if not managed effectively. Additionally, assess human capital issues, including employee health and safety, diversity and inclusion, and talent management, as these can significantly impact your organization's performance. By gathering and analyzing material information related to ESG risks, you can develop robust risk management strategies and enhance your resilience in an evolving business landscape. 

Conducting a double materiality assessment

To conduct a double materiality assessment and start effectively managing climate-related risks and societal impacts, it’s important to adopt a structured approach. Begin by engaging with internal and external stakeholders, seeking their input on the environmental impacts associated with climate change. It is crucial to adhere to disclosure regulations, including new rules and guidelines, especially those mandated by European regulators, to mitigate potential legal liabilities. Carefully analyze the feedback received from stakeholders and assess the potential significance of the identified issues. This will enable you to make informed decisions about your sustainability strategy and reporting. By proactively addressing emerging risks and prioritizing appropriate actions, you can demonstrate your organization's commitment to sustainable practices while fulfilling reporting requirements.

To summarize

Double materiality is a crucial concept in financial reporting and aligning investment activity with sustainability goals. It signifies a shift in focus from solely considering financial performance to recognizing the significance of broader societal and environmental impacts. In the context of the CSRD and similar regulations, it is imperative for businesses to conduct thorough assessments of their ESG impacts and disclose relevant information. By embracing double materiality, you can ensure that your strategies align with sustainability objectives, which not only enhances your company's reputation but also builds stakeholder trust. Through this proactive approach, you contribute to a more sustainable future while reaping the benefits of long-term business resilience.

How Sweep can help

Sweep for Compliance enables you to: 

  • Report on your material indicators, as well and your company's impact on wider sustainability issues. 
  • Streamline audit preparation with automated internal control systems, reducing time and effort.
  • Monitor compliance progress in real-time through an easy-to-understand dashboard, ensuring transparency and accountability.
  • Leverage ESG metrics to manage risk and enhance corporate performance.

Find out more about how we can support you in your compliance journey. 

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